Um Jemal Umayyad Mosque

 Year AH

Year AD

 City

Country

Name

Original Qibla

Rebuilt facing Mecca

8th Century

 Um Jemal

 Jordan

Um Jemal Umayyad Mosque

 Between

 never
 

 8th Century
  Um Jemal

 Jordan

 Um Jemal Later Castellum
   
Umayyad Mosque: GPS Coordinates: 32°19'44.23"N 36°22'13.28"E
Later Castellum GPS Coordinates: 32°19'29.56"N 32°19'29.56"N
This is a temporary posting until this building can be examined much more closely. It may be removed from the database later
depending on the date it was built, or remodeled.

Um el-Jimal is a very extensive rural settlement constructed of black basalt in the lava lands east of Mafraq, which flow down from Jebel Druze, a mountain 50 km to the northeast. It's history back into the 2nd century but the Islamic era at Um el-Jimal began in 640 AD when the Rashidun Caliphs took control of the area. Much remodeling was done throughout the site so as to repurpose buildings to suit their own needs. The Praetorium and House XVIII are examples of buildings repurposed as dwelling places, while House # 53 and House X were possibly repurposed into a mosque. Despite all of this, the population decreased and the site was slowly abandoned with the help of an earthquake in circa 749 that destroyed many buildings and set much of the architecture off balance. The site was completely deserted under the Abbasid Caliphs in the ninth century.

Qibla DataBase Index