Qasr al-Kharanah

 Year AH

Year AD

 City

Country

Name

Original Qibla

Rebuilt facing Mecca

 92

710

 Desert Castle

 Jordan

Qasr al-Kharanah

 Between
 never

GPS Coordinates: 31°43'44?N 36°27'46?E

 Qasr Al-Kharana (or Haranah) was capable of monitoring travel on Wadi Daba‘a, which is an outlet from Wadi Sirhan via Wadi Ghadaf. It is also in the line-of-sight of communication with Muwaqqar to the east, and Qusayr Amra‘s watchtower to the northeast. It was incorporated into a network of desert palaces designed by the Marwanid Umayyads (685-750AD), and was used during their reign, as attested to by a very early Kufic inscription found within the palace in one of the reception rooms, which refers to a local governor of Jund Al-Balqa, who served under Umayyad Caliph Abd al-Malik ibn Marwan.

The construction of the palace has been linked to Caliph Al-Walid (711AD). A painted inscription in one of upstairs rooms is dated to 710 AD and names a certain Abdul Malik bin Omar, thought to be a member of the entourage of Walid I in 710 AD. The inscription on Umayyad pottery also ensure that Kharana's main period of occupation was during the Umayyad period. It might be the result of two distinct building phases; possibly late 7th century (661-684) and around 710. The entire structure has a Qibla direction 3.01° from the between position.

Qibla DataBase Index