- The Mosque of Amr ibn al-As was
founded by the Muslim conqueror of Egypt in 641 near his house
in the town of Fustat, outside of Cairo. This mosque was rebuilt
and enlarged in 673 during the reign of Muawiya, who is
said to have added a minaret to each of its four corners.
Today the mosque does not exist in its original form, having
undergone numerous restorations so that the original foundation
is no longer evident.
- However, the original ground-plan of the
mosque shows that the qibla pointed east and had to be corrected
later under the governorship of Qurra ibn Sharik. (Creswell 1969,
Interestingly this agrees with the later Islamic tradition compiled
by Ahmad ibn al-Maqrizi that Amr ibn al-As prayed
facing east, and not more towards the south. (al-Maqrizi
1326 page 6; Crone-Cook 1977 pages 24,173)
For more information see: http://archnet.org/sites/1511