Fustat Mosque

 Year AH

Year AD

 City

Country

Name

Original Qibla

Rebuilt facing Mecca

21

642
Fustat  Egypt  Jami' 'Amr ibn al-'As  Petra  211AH/827AD

GPS Coordinates: 30° 0'38.74"N 31°13'54.09"E

 
The Mosque of ’Amr ibn al-’As was founded by the Muslim conqueror of Egypt in 641 near his house in the town of Fustat, outside of Cairo. This mosque was rebuilt and enlarged in 673 during the reign of Mu’awiya, who is said to have added a minaret to each of its four corners.
Today the mosque does not exist in its original form, having undergone numerous restorations so that the original foundation is no longer evident.
However, the original ground-plan of the mosque shows that the qibla pointed east and had to be corrected later under the governorship of Qurra ibn Sharik. (Creswell 1969, pages 37,150)
Interestingly this agrees with the later Islamic tradition compiled by Ahmad ibn al-Maqrizi that ’Amr ibn al-’As prayed facing east, and not more towards the south. (al-Maqrizi 1326 page 6; Crone-Cook 1977 pages 24,173)

For more information see: http://archnet.org/sites/1511

 

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