The Anjar Mosque is located 58 kilometers from Beirut, just
a short distance from the Litani River. Anjar is the only exclusively
Umayyad site in Lebanon. Its name originates from the term Ayn
Gerrah which means the source of Gerrah in
Arabic, referring to an ancient fortress in the region. Commissioned
by the Umayyad Caliph al-Walid, son of Abd al-Malik ibn
Marwan in the early 8th century, it prospered as a trading city,
situated strategically at the crossroad of the north-south and
east-west trade routes. However, by the conclusion of Umayyad
political domination, no more than thirty years later, Anjar
fell rapidly into disrepair and eventually was abandoned. Historically,
it remains unique as the only inland commercial center in Lebanon.
The entire complex including the palace and mosque are built
with an orientation pointing towards Petra.
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