Jawatha Mosque

 Year AH

Year AD

 City

Country

Name

Original Qibla

Rebuilt facing Mecca

 8

 629
 Al-Kilabiyah  Saudi Arabia  Jawatha Mosque  unknown 9th century

GPS Coordinates: 25°28'11" N 49°40'43" E

Above: The Jawatha mosque was rebuilt in the 9th century to face Mecca. The original qibla direction is unknown.

Jawatha Mosque is located in the village of Al-Kilabiyah, about 12 km northeast of Hofuf, Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. It was the earliest mosque built in east Arabia and most of the original structure is in ruins but the site is still used for prayer.

It was built in the seventh year of hijra at the hands of the Bani Abd al-Qays tribe which lived there before and early in the Islamic period. This mosque is believed to be the first mosque built in Eastern Province and is where the second Friday congregation prayer in Islam was offered, the first being held at the Prophet's Mosque in Medina. When the Hajr Al Aswad (Black Stone) was stolen from Mecca by the Qarmatians, it was apparently kept in this mosque for nearly 22 years.

Most of the mosque's original structure has been lost and it remains in danger of collapse. Only five small mud-brick arches remain. The visible ruins probably date from around the 9th century AD. The mosque's current structure's design is similar to the design of Masmak fort in Saudi Arabia.

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